Friday, 11 December 2009

Rosa Parks

Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African and American civil rights activist from the U.S. congres later called the "Mother of the Modern-Day ‘civil rights movement’
On December 1, 1955 in Montogmery.Alabama, Parks when se was 42, refused to obey bus driver James Blake's order because she didn´t want to leave her sit for a white passenger. Her action was not the first of this type: Irene Morgan, in 1946, and Sarah Louise Keys, in 1955, had won rulings before the U.S. Supreme Court and the Interstate Commerce Commission respectively in the area of interstate bus travel.
Because of that Parks becam an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks beame an internation resisten of racial segration.When this occurs Parks works for ‘rights and racial equality’,but she lost her job so she went to work to Detroit.Michigan and get a job similar to that.
In my opinion Parks is an important campaigner because she want the same rigths and racial equality, and I thin all we are the same and we don´t have to discriminate someone beecaus of his/her coloir or because she is English or Spanish.But I don´t understand very well that if she work por the equal rights and the racial equality we she didn´t want to give up her sit for the white passenger to sit on.

Erin Brockovich

Erin Brockovich was born in June, 22, 1960. She is an American legal clerk and enviromental activitist who did not have a formal school education. She attended Lawrence High School and later in Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas, and graduated with an Associate in Applied Arts Degree from Wades Business college in Dallas, Texas. She worked as a management trainee pageants. Ater winning Miss Pacific Coast, she gave up pageant life because she found it shallow. She was an instrumental in constructing a case against the Pacific Gas and Electric Company of California in 1993. Since the release of the film that shares her story and name, she has hosted two TV programmes and she is the president of Brockovich Research and Consulting. Actually, she is working as a consultant for Girardi and Keese, the New York law film Weitz and Luxenberg. She is a noted speaker in demand for U.S. and international engagements. Her story is the topic of a feature film, Erin Brockovich, starring Julia Roberts and directed by Steven Soderbergh. It was presented for first time in the year 2000.

I agree with her because she is fighting against a very important factor in the actual society. Pollution has reached a very high level and we all have to contribute to reduce pollution.

julia butterfly hill

JULIA BUTTERFLY HILL

Julia Butterfly Hill is an environment activist. He goes up a California Redwood for 738 days to prevente this tree is not going to cutting it down. He lived in a 32-food camper with his father, mother and two younger brothers. She write a book called The Legacy Of Luna. His nickname is Butterfly because when she is six years old a butterfly landed in his hand and stay there entire time. His father travell a lot because the job and go town to town, bringing his family with he. When Julia was in the middle school his family and she settle Jonesboro Arkansas. When Hill was 22, she worked at driver for a friend and suffered a car crash.
After recuperating from his accident, she goes to California with a road trip to try to save the forest from the people to want to cut some trees. One organizes that want to cut the trees are the Pacific Lumber Co. who were clear-cutting. Hill not contributed to any enviromental organization, she deceded to act by his self undertake the act of the civil disobedience, but some she was supported by another organizations and volunteers, called Earth First.

AMARTYA SEN


He was born the third ofnovember 1933 in Shantiniketan, India. He is an economist. The people know him because of his theory of the human development, welfare economics and his theory of the mechanisms of poverty. He had recieved a noblel prize of economics in 1998. The best-known work of Sen is poverty and famines: an easy on entilements and deprivation in 1981 in which he was demostrated that hunger is not a consequence of the lack of food but in equalities in food distribution. Apart from his investigation of famines, his work in the field of economic development, has had much influence in the formulation of the human development of the united nations. His concept of the capacity was very revolutionary. He was focused in positive liberty and negative freedom. He is know a teacher in a university.

I agree with him because his theory is good for the people to know about poverty and famines.

Thursday, 10 December 2009

SUSAN BROWNELL ANTHONY





Her birthday is 15 february 15 , 1820.
She was born in U.S.A.
Ocuppation suffrage,advocating for women rights.In february 15 1820 march 13,1906 american leader of the movemenr for civil rights,she played an important role in the movemente of the rights of womens in the 19 century to guarante voting rights in the united states.He traveled several thousand miles across the Unite States and Europe by 75 to 100 speeches per year on the franchis and the rigth of women to the same for 45 years .She died in rochester new york 13 march 1906 and currently their remains are buried in mount hope cementery

MY PERSONAL OPINION

I think it is fine for her to address the rights of women to having him as u.s.a. susan


Mother Teresa of Calcuta

Mother Teresa was born the 26 of August of 1910 in Skopje, was albanian of born and her original name was Agnes Gonhxa Bojaxhiu. In 1948 the Mother Teresa acquired the hindu citizentship. When she was 18 years old, she entered in the order of "las Hermanas de Nuestra Señora de Loreto"in Irland. She received her religious formation in Dublin, Irland and in Dardjiling, India.
In 1931, she took the name of Teresa in honor to a french nun that was declareted in 1937 she ttok the religous votes and teach for 20 years in the "Santa Maria" shcool in Calcuta, India and in 1946 received other called of god to the most poor persons. In 1948, the Pope Pio conceded her permission to leaveof independient nun and started to share her life with the poors.
She founded a congregation called the Misioners of the Charity. Her inicial work was to teach to read to the poor boys. In 1950 started to help lepers, and in 1965 there were lots of centers to help the perons that needed help.

She win the Nobel of the peace in 1979. She dead in September of 1997.

My personal opinion is that Agnes was an extraordinary person with hard arguments, and that the poors need the same opportunities than the rest of the persons.

Wednesday, 9 December 2009

Aleksandr Solxhenitsyn

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn


Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was a Russian novelist, dramatist and historian. He wasborn the 11 of December in 1918, in Kislovodosk. He does some novels like the world aware of the Gulag and more, but the most important was ''The Gulag archipielago'' and ''Onde day in the life of Ivan Denisovich''. He was won the Noble Prize of the literature in 1970. He was exilied of the Soviet Union, in 1974. And returned to Russia in 1994. He was a son called Ignat Solzhenitsyn that is a conductor and a pianist. His parents was Taisiya Solzhenitsyn and Isaaky Solzhenitsyn that meet each other in Russia, Taisiya was pregnant with Aleksandr and a shortly after he was confermed, Isaaky died in a hunted accident. Taisiya rased Aleksandr without a father for him. Aleksandr studied mathematics at the State University of Rostov. Later he star to write. He married with Natalia Alekseevna Reshetovskaya in 1957 and they divorced in 1972, he married again in the follower year with Natalia Dmitrievna Svetlova and had three sons, Yermolai, Ignat and Stepan. He wrote many novels and in the 3 of Agust of 2008 he was die.


My personal opinion: I think he was a very important writer and I want to read some of their novels.

Tuesday, 8 December 2009

IGNACIO ELLACURIA


Ignacio Ellacuría was born on the 9 of November of 1930 in Portugalete (Vizcaya). He was a jesuit priest, philosopher and theologian, who did important work as a professor and rector at the university José Simeón Cañas, a jesuit university in El Salvador founded in 1965. He dedicated his life to the university work, but it understood that the intellectual task cannot be apart from historical and social problems, in the case of the Central America that means oppression, injustice and exclusion. He fought for liberation. He worked for the peace and searched justice. He devoted his life to the Theology of Liberation, that means that God does not want people to suffer from injustice, oppression or exclusion so the priests have to help them. He defended the rights of the people in F.M.L.N. Thus, he was considered an enemy by the government.
He was murdered, with other jesuits, in San Salvador on November 16, 1989.

I agree with him because I think that all of us have the same rights and nobody must be considered worse than others.
Vaclav Havel



Vaclav Havel was born in Prague (Czechoslovakia) on the 5 of October of 1936. Vaclav Havel was a campaigner that fought for democracy and freedom in Eastern Europe. He was the tenth and last President of Czechoslovakia (1989–92) and the first President of the Czech Republic (1993–2003). Beginning in the 1960s, his work turned to focus on the politics of Czechoslovakia. In 1977, their participation in human rights manifesto Charter 77 brought him international fame as the leader of the opposition in Czechoslovakia, but also led to their imprisonment. Havel's mother came from a well known family; her father was an ambassador and well known journalist. Because of Havel's bourgeois history, the Communist regime did not allow Havel to study formally after he had completed his required schooling in 1951. In the first part of the 1950s, the young Havel entered into a four-year apprenticeship as a chemical laboratory assistant and simultaneously took evening classes; he completed his secondary education in 1954. Vaclav Havel was voted in the poll of 4 Global Perspective 2005 issue of the best in the world of 100 intellectuals. Havel married Olga Šplíchalová who died in January 1996 because of serious illness.
My opinion: In my opinion I think it's a great campaigner, that fought for democracy and freedom in Eastern Europe.



Elizabeth Cady Stanton


Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born on Novemeber 12th in 1820 in in Johnstown, New York.
She married in 1840 Henry Stanton.
During the age that she lived , women were not allowed to show their pregnancy in public so they stayed at home. But when the seventh son of Elizabeth was borned , she celebrated it putting a flag outside her house, so everyone could see it and could know the importance of her maternity . Elizabeth Cady Stanton participated in the famous Seneca Falls Convention in July 1848. At this meeting, the attendees drew up its “Declaration of Sentiments” and proposed women to have the right to vote.
After meeting Susan B Anthony in 1850, she was one of the leaders in promoting women's rights in general (such as divorce) and the right to vote in particular. In 1868, she worked with Susan B. Anthony and they both formed the National Woman Suffrage Association .
Elizabeth travelled to give speeches.
She published with her daughter two volumens of critiques “The Women´s Bible”.
She also obtain the women´s right to ride bycicles .Elizabeth died on October 26 ,1902.She´s recognized as one of the more remarkable individuals in American history.
MY OPINION: I agree with her because I think that women must have the same rights as men
because I don´t think they are better tahn women. I really like the thing that Elizabeth did, that was put a flag when her seventh son was born because become mother is very important for women.







Victoria Kent



Victoria kent (1892 - 1987 ) born in Malaga ( Spain ) the 3 of march of 1892 , victoria kent died in New York ( E.E.U.U ) the 25 of september of 1987. He was famous in 1930 defeted before the court supreme of war and navy to Alvaro de Abornoz member of committe revolutionry republican.


Victoria Kent was the first woman in the world in form part of the court of war.


A sentence that Vctoria Kent said was "my quantity is samall but my support was sincere.


Victoria Kent closed 114 centers penitentiary becouse was in very bad conditions. Created the prision for woman of Las Ventas , eliminated the use of fetter in the prisions.


Latter go to paris and was the first secretary of the embassy of Spain in Paris ( France ).


Latter in the II world war colaborated in the escape of the refugies Spanish to America. Victoria Kent dont can go to America and permaneced hide four year from the nazi.


When the war finish Victoria Kent travel to Mexico . In Mexico was mentioned headmaster of the school of cualify to the personal of prisions.


In 1950 Victoria Kent go to New York ( E.E.U.U ) there form part of the section of defense social of United Nations.

MY PERSONAL OPINION:

I think that Victoria Kent was a importan woman becouse she want more right for all the woman in the world.

Ken Saro-Wiwa


Ken Saro-Wiwa was born in october 1941, the oldest son of a prominent family in Ogoni. Wich is today Rivers State, Nigeria. After leaving university he initially pursued an academy career.

During the Biafran war (1967-1970) he was a civilian administrator for the port of Bonny, near Ogoni in the Niger Delta. He went on to be businessman, novelist and Tv producer. His long-running satirical Tv series Basi & Co was purported to be the most watched soap opera in Africa.

Ken Saro-Wiwa was constistenly concerned about the treatmen of Ogoni within the Nigerian federation and in 1973 was dimissed from his post as regional comissioner for education in the Rivers state cabinet, for advocating greater Ogoni autonomy.

Troughout his work he often made references to the exploitation he saw around him as the oil and gas industry took riches from the beneath
the feet of the poor Ogoni farmers, and in return left hem polluted and disenfranchised.
Then he died the 10 of november 1995.

Official Page Of Ken Saro Wiwa:
Video :

La trece rosas


In the dawn of August 5, 1939 little after finishing the civil war, in Madrid, 13 girls 7 of them minors were shot by the repression the dictatorship of the pro-Franco army.
The name of this one 13 heroines:
Carmen Barredo, Martina Barosso, Blanca Brissac, Pilar Bueno, Julia Conera, Adelina Garcia, Elena Gil, Virtues Gonzalez, Ana Lopez, Joaquina Lopez, Dionisia Manzanero, Victoria Muñoz and Luisa Rodriguez.
His only one crime was to defend the republican legality against the military elevation of 36 and to have militado in the socialist unified yoth (JSU).
My personal opinion is that I do not agree in that they could not defend the ideas of the persons and more in those times when the women not if it wants were listened;It is possible neither to kill nor compel any person because not this one in agreement with any ideas that certain persons impose.
By:alejandra

Monday, 7 December 2009

Dolores Ibárruri Gómez, La Pasionaria


She was born in 1895 in Gallarta, Vizcaya. She was a politician in the Second Spanish Republic and she fought in the Civil War. She fought for a free country, she fought against Franco and she fought to show everyone that women are free to decide their future. She took part in a hunger strike in 1917. She took part in the foundation of the Spanish Comunist Party in 1921.
In 1931 she came to Madrid to work in the Mundo Obrero newspaper. In 1933 she became president of the Anti fascist Women Union.
La Pasionaria was in prison lots of times, because of her speeches and her participation on lots of comunist protests. She died in Madrid in 1989.
Some of her famous quotes form part of an imaginary set of human ideas of freedom and hope. She has been the inspiration for lots of poets and singers like Pablo Neruda, Rafael Alberti or Ana Belén.
My opinion:
I agree with her because she was one of the first women who entered in politics during the Spanish Republic and then during the Spanish Civil War she participated in the Republic party. She also fought for her ideas going to hunger strikes, talking on the radio giving her opinion, participating on lots of protests etc. All that shows that she was a very brave woman because she wasn’t scare about what can happen to her by doing all that things, and she never resigned to her dreams and ideas.

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela


Nació en Mverzo 1918. Fue el primer presidente de Sudáfrica. Tiempo antes de ser elegido, Fue un Importante activista contra la apartheid de que, una Pesar de Ser
Durante improned 27 años, FUE LA Participación en la planificación de las actividades de la resistencia armada.


Whit su política de segregación racial (el apartheid), Mandela se Importancia Dentro de Comi --
nal de África Congreso, especialmente en el Campaña de desobediencia civil de 1952 y el Con --
Congreso de la Aldea de de 1955, en el que la Adopción de la Carta libre Ofrecer el programa principal en la causa contra el apartheid.


Mandela o mor Recibe menos 50 doctorados honoris causa por Diferentes universidades del mundo.
El Pentecostés Mother Teresa de Calcuta, También el Khan, Abdul Ghaffar Khan,, Fue el único extranjero que se distinguió de Pentecostés Bharat Ratna, El presente civil de más prestigio de la India.

Se tiene:
--Premio Arthur Ashe(2009)

--Premio Embajador de la conciencia, otorged de Amnistía de la ciudad,(2006)

--Llaves de la Ciudad(2004)

--Nobelof Premio de la Paz de Mahatme Gandhi.

--Orden de Canadá


--Prinze Príncipe de Asturias a la Cooperación Internacional(1992)

--Orden de San Juan

--Medalla Presidencial de la Libertad

Sunday, 6 December 2009

Martin Luther King



His real name was Michael King Junior,but in a travell that his family did in 1943,his father changed his name into Martin in honor of the protestant leader Martin Lutero.

Martin Luther King was an American clergyman,activist and prominent leader in the African American civil rigths movement .He participed in many protests against to the Vietnam war and to the general poverty .For this activity, he was decorated with the Noble Price of the Peace in 1964.Four years later he died in Memphis,when he was preparated a manifestation.


Luther King,activist of the civils rights since very young,he organized and he took many pacifics activities demanding the rigth to vote,no descrimination and others civils rigths for the people of colour in the United Estates of America.

Between his actions most remembers are: the boicot of the buses in Montgomery in the year 1955;his support to the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957;and the leadership of the march about the job of Washington and the free,in 1963 in wich he'll proununce his famous speech 'I Have a Dream' thank to wich will extend to the public awarness about the movements of the civils rigths and he'll become one of the most bigest speakers of the American history .


King is remember as one of the greaters leaders and hero of the United Estate's history of the no violence.He awarded a title the Free Presidencial Medal by Jimmy Carter n 1997 and the United Estate's Gold Medal in 2004.Since 1986 Martin Luther King Day is a festive day in the United States.

MY OPINION:

I think he was a great compaigner,he fougth for the civils rigths and to the general poverty this is very beautiful,maybe if he had not died he can changed somethings in the world
.

Saturday, 5 December 2009

MARY ROBINSON


(Irish: Máire Mhic Róibín; born 21 May 1944) served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland, serving from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002. She first rose to prominence as an academic, barrister, campaigner and member of the Irish senate (1969–1989). She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election becoming, as an Independent candidate nominated by the Labour Party, the Workers' Party and independent senators, the first elected president in the office's history not to have had the support of Fianna Fáil.

She is credited by many as having revitalised and liberalised a previously conservative political office. She resigned the presidency four months ahead of the end of her term of office to take up her post in the United Nations. Robinson has been Honorary President of Oxfam InternationalInternational Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) and is also a founding member and Chair of the Council of Women World Leaders. Robinson is also one of the European members of the Trilateral Commission. since 2002, she is Chair of the

She serves on many boards including as chair of the GAVI Alliance (until 2010). Robinson’s newest project is Realizing Rights: the Ethical Globalization Initiative, which fosters equitable trade and decent work, promotes the right to health and more humane migration policies, works to strengthen women's leadership and encourage corporate responsibility. The organisation also supports capacity building and good governance in developing countries. She is Chancellor of the University of Dublin. Since 2004, she has also been Professor of Practice in International Affairs at Columbia University, where she teaches international human rights. Robinson also visits other colleges and universities where she lectures on human rights.

In 2004, she received Amnesty International's Ambassador of Conscience Award for her work in promoting human rights.

Rigoberta Menchu




Rigobrta Menchu born in Uspatan guatamela on january 9 of 1959 is a leading indigenous guatamalan and human rights defender .




it has been highlighed by his leadership of the social sturgles nationality and internationaly since very little know injustices discrimination racism and explotation they are sujected to hundreds of thousend or even millions of indigenous people lived in extrame poverty in guantamela during armed his father his mother his brother and serval members of the community were killed by the army.




on febrery 12 2007 anonced that he would run for presidentin guantamela`s presidental election of 2007 his hope of being electing and being the firts woman to hould the office in your country the firts indan in latin america afters mexico`s in the general election of setember 9 2007 was 3% of the vote.






on december 20arrives in the citie of Campeche specifficaly in the town of tenabo to recibed the medal of merit because of his defense of indigenous people.




Friday, 4 December 2009

francois xavier nguyen van thuan


Francois Xavier Nguyen Van Thuan was born the 17 of April of 1928, in Hué , a small city in the central region of Vietnam. It came from a family of mértires: in the 1885 all habitants of the village of its mother, had been burned alive in the parish. Only his grandfather had been saved. As well, the ancestors, on the part of his father had been victims of numerous persecutions between 1698 and 1885.



Van thuan live in an atmosphear of incondicional faith. For example her grandmother, when they do the family pray she pray the rosary for priests.Every nicht they narrated storys from the bible to him.the they his son was arested he continue praying asking that he not live the church.


He was ordered priest on th 11 of june of 1953


He go to prision several times without judge and sentence so he stay incomunicate mafter he goes out of prision


One time he goes to prision he ask the guard to do himself a chai with a cross of jesus christe

For more information look in this page: http://www.unav.es/capellina/fluvium/textos/documentacion/igle62.htm